OR NOT!!!! School Certificate is now history!
1. Here are the essay questions from the past few years:
2005: changing patterns of migration
2006: changing attitudes to the Vietnam War
2007: Charles Perkins and the Freedom Rides (individual who made a difference)
2008: changing rights and freedoms for either aboriginals or migrants
2009: why did Australia become involved in the Vietnam war
2010: changing government policies towards Aboriginals

*big theme is Change and impact on Australian society: soooo...
Guess 1: describe how policies towards migrants have changed in Australia since 1945
Guess 2: Discuss the policy of an Australian Prime Minister since 1945. What were the reasons for the policy and its impact on Australian society?
Guess 3: Explain the impact of the Vietnam war on various groups - e.g. youth, veterans and/or refugees

*A useful scaffold for almost any question to show change over time!
1*problems/initial situation
2*events and actions that occurred in relation to the issue
3*impact - what changed?

Use linking words: Initially, at first, earlier, consequently, as a result, subsequently, despite this, increasingly, nevertheless, over the next few years/decade/months...

*Have a clear introduction and conclusion which emphasise the effects and impact of change.
*Use chronological order an SELECT most relevant facts and information for the question.
*Plan your scaffold before you write!

As requested - here are some possible plans!

1. Changing policies towards migrants
1945 - 1950 - Populate or Perish [why was there a massive increase in immigration at this time?]
- preference for British migrants - why?
- Assisted Passage Scheme
- refugees from Europe - especially Balkan states [ fairer!]

1950 - mid 60s - expanded immigration - Assisted passage extended to more European nation[why?]
- policy of ASSIMILATION
60s - further expansion of country of origin,
-policy of INTEGRATION
-"Good Neighbour" approach to Asian neighbours; Columbo Plan
1973 - Labor/Whitlam - ending of all racial discrimination

1976 - 80s - Vietnamese boat people, expanding Asian immigration
2. One policy of one Prime Minister....MENZIES VS COMMUNISM!

1. Perceived problem:
· expansion in Europe by USSR, and in Asia - by China = "Domino Theory"
· an evil system of Government
· supporters in Australia threaten our democratic, western values
2. As a result...need to tackle both the INTERNAL and EXTERNAL threats – popular with majority of voters throughout his time as pm (1949-1966)
3. Response to internal threat:
· elected with promise to Ban the CPA in'49
· 1950 - Communist Party Dissolution Bill (blocked)
· 1951 - Referendum to ban CPA (narrowly defeated)
· opposed by Labor Party, led by Evatt
· 1954 - Petrov Affair - opportunity to heighten fears about Communist activity here
4. Response to external threat:
· forward defence/ containment
· troops to Korea '50, Vietnam '65
· Active in other SE Asian countries to limit spread of Communist groups
· treaties/alliances ANZUS, SEATO
5. Conclusion – a very significant policy affecting much of life in Australia – eventually leading to division in society as attitudes changed

Possible question 2. Development of Aboriginal Land Rights:
  • Problem - dispossession, reserves, land leased to miners and pastoralists
  • As a result, different forms of protest: - eg Freedom Ride, referendum campaign, Wave Hill Strike (Lingiari vs Lord Vestey)
-Tent Embassy
  • Resulted in changes - changes to the constitiution = greater equality, heightened awareness in mainstream society of injustices, -Gough Whitlam promises to address issue - Woodward Royal Commission - gives land back to Gurinji tribe
  • led to land being returned over next decade - eg Uluru
  • HOWEVER - the Mabo Case 0f 1992 was a radical step: - overturns "Terra Nullius", introduces idea of Native Title - which still existed where aboriginal people still lived in continued connection with their land...
  • Wik case and 10 point plan modify idea of coexistence and extinguishing of native title...

*Question 3? _ Decade??? How did society change in the 1960s?
  1. Change in many areas
  2. Changing technologies - mass production, computers, modern/new household appliances,communication and transportm, fast food
  3. Changing values - rise of youth culture, radical ideas, rock and roll, rebellion and protest
  4. Changing culture - music, art, modernization, tv, fashion, american influence

ok - so now have ago at these past papers**

And there are hundreds of multiple choice questions to do on line - and be marked for you - here at boredofstudies
TIP - deselect questions before 2005 to remove questions from previous syllabus (e.g. about world war 2, federation etc). All your questions should be about post WW2 - 1945 onwards.